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Valley of the Shadow

Valley Spirit: May 30, 1860

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-Page 01-

Great Speech of Judge Douglas
(Column 01)
Summary: Douglas, in a transcript of a speech to the Senate, demonstrates how many of the states and politicians who had withdrawn from the Democratic Convention over the issue of popular sovereignty had in fact supported it in past elections.

-Page 02-

Douglas's Speech, continued
(Column 01)
Summary: Continuation of transcript of speech by Senator Douglas on the history of political support for the doctrine of non-intervention.

-Page 03-

Description of Page: Advertisements, miscellaneous national news

The President and the Editorial Visitors
(Column 01)
Summary: Story of a group of newspaper editors entertained at the White House by President Buchanan, who made "brief but excellent" remarks on the necessity of preserving the Union.

-Page 04-

The Democratic Party--It Must Be Preserved
(Column 01)
Summary: Emphasizes that the Democratic Party has upheld the rights of Southern states, and insists that party unity is the only hope of maintaining national unity and of fending off the Republicans.
Origin of Article: Virginia Valley Democrat
Editorial Comment: Valley Spirit celebrates the union sentiment of a southern paper.
Pennsylvanians Snubbed at Chicago
(Column 02)
Summary: Report from Republican National Convention in Chicago, where several speakers derided Pennsylvania for naming its party "The People's Party" instead of the "Republican Party."
Fence Rails
(Column 03)
Summary: Asks that if Lincoln gained so much credit for having split rails 31 years before with his friend John Shanks, then why shouldn't Shanks be running for office as well?
Political Intelligence
(Column 05)
Summary: Alleges that many of the delegations to the Chicago Republican National Convention were irregular--delegates were not from the states they purported to be or were not even American citizens.
Origin of Article: Detroit Free Press
Political Intelligence
(Column 05)
Summary: Argues that Lincoln's nomination has crippled the Republican Party.
Origin of Article: Boston Courier
Address to the National Democracy
(Column 05)
Summary: Circular addressed to the Democratic party, urging secessionist delegates to postpone meeting at Richmond and return to the Baltimore Convention.

-Page 05-

Railroad Convention
(Column 01)
Summary: A slate of Franklin County men attended the meeting in Harrisburg on the subject of an east-west railroad running through the state, but the New York financiers allegedly interested in supporting the railroad did not appear. The convention appointed a committee to seek out support for such a railroad.
(Names in announcement: William Reilly, J. Wyath Douglas, D.O. Gehr, David Lisher, A.R. Hurst, William Hazlett, J.H. Brown, William Seibert, William McGrath, E. Kuhn, William Matthews, D.K. Wunderlich, John Downey, Jacob Krider, Samuel Seibert, Upton Washabaugh, J.S. Nixon, M. Heintzelman, James Christman, J.B. McKiroy, George Mengel, David Croft, Hastings Gehr, H. Easton, H. Dickhost, M. Bushey, J.S. Hansler, W.S. Burgess, W.S. Stenger, William Dixon, William Brown, O.S. Brown, Jacob Heyser, Daniel Coble, E. Emerson, William McKinstry, John Shirig, Esq. William Wuris)
U.S. Senate
(Column 01)
Summary: Explains that they will publish Senator Douglas's speech, plus a speech by Senator J.P. Benjamin of Louisiana, to represent the positions at odds within the Democratic party.
Night Parade
(Column 01)
Summary: The Chambers Artillery conducted a night parade through Chambersburg.
(Names in announcement: Capt. P.B. Housum)
Full Text of Article:

--The Chambers Artillery under their new commander, Capt. P. B. Housum made a splendid parade through our streets, in full uniform, on Friday night last. It was quite a novel and gratifying sight and is a decided improvement on the old method of marching all day beneath the burning rays of the sun swathed in a heavy uniform. We never could, in our short military career, realized the glory of that, but we feel sure our General Editor who was want to cover himself all over with glory and perspiration in "wheeling into line" will take the innovation very much to heart.

Encourage Your Own Stores and Mechanics
(Column 02)
Summary: Times article points out that purchases outside of the town decrease the amount of money in circulation in that town and make it more susceptible to hard times.
Origin of Article: Reading Times
Editorial Comment: Complains that too many citizens are neglecting Chambersburg merchants and going to make purchases in Baltimore and Philadelphia.
(Column 02)
Summary: Two drifters appeared in Chambersburg, a German man and woman, with a baby that did not appear to be theirs. They told contradictory stories about the baby's origin. Squire Davison is holding the trio until the truth can be determined.
(Column 02)
Summary: William Bigger was knocked out while unloading a lumber car.
(Names in announcement: William Bigger, Deitz)
(Column 02)
Summary: John Zuck, while quarrying stone, had his leg crushed by a falling rock.
(Names in announcement: John Zuck)
Waynesboro Encampment.
(Column 03)
Summary: Franklin County's volunteer company and the Mechanics' Brass Band left for the encampment in Mercersburg.
(Names in announcement: Col. F.S. Stumbaugh, Lieut. Col. James Clayton, Major K. Shannon Taylor, Adjutant James Montgomery)
Mercersburg Classis
(Column 03)
Summary: Mercersburg Classis convened from May 18 to May 22, with nearly full attendance by both ministers and lay delegates.
(Names in announcement: Rev. B.S. Schneck, Rev. H.W. Super, S.R. FisherD.D., Rev. W.M. Deatrich)
The Black Republican Nominations
(Column 05)
Summary: Attacks the Republican ticket for Lincoln's lack of experience and opposition to the Mexican War, and writes Hamlin off as mediocre.
(Column 06)

-Page 06-

Description of Page: Humor, advertisements

-Page 07-

Description of Page: Advertisements

-Page 08-

Description of Page: Miscellaneous national news, poetry, market reports from Chambersburg, Baltimore, and Philadelphia; advertisements; legal notices.