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Valley of the Shadow

Valley Spirit: June 13, 1860

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-Page 01-

Lincoln's Denial of Constitutional Right
(Column 01)
Summary: Reports on Lincoln's stand that the Constitution did not recognize property in slaves.
Origin of Article: Boston Journal
Editorial Comment: Argues that the Constitution and the Framers did intend to protect slave property, and that Lincoln's contention that it does not is absurd.
Lincoln's Political Record
(Column 02)
Summary: Attacks Lincoln's opposition to the Mexican War.
Henry D. Foster
(Column 04)
Summary: Promotes Foster as the gubernatorial candidate who will unify the Pennsylvania Democratic party and who will support the tariff.
Biography of Lincoln
(Column 05)
Summary: Humorous summary of Lincoln's career.
Origin of Article: Utica Telegraph

-Page 02-

Speech of Mr. Benjamin
(Column 01)
Summary: Continuation of speech of Senator Benjamin of Louisiana, discussing whether Senator Douglas had reneged on his promise to allow the courts to decide the matter of slavery in the territories.

-Page 03-

Description of Page: Advertisements

Senator Benjamin's speech
(Column 01)
Summary: Conclusion of Senator Benjamin's speech, in which he claims that Douglas' logic and previous positions bind him to supporting a congressional slave code.

-Page 04-

Railroad to Gettysburg
(Column 01)
Summary: This article discusses the slow economic growth of Chambersburg relative to other parts of Pennsylvania, and considers the various benefits that would accrue if a railroad connection to Gettysburg, and thus Baltimore, could be made.
The Baltimore Convention
(Column 02)
Summary: An exhortation that the Democratic National Convention in Baltimore to nominate a candidate who will unify the party. Emphasizes the duty of all Democrats to support the regularly nominated presidential candidate.
General Jackson
(Column 03)
Summary: Argues that Judge Kelley and other former Democrats who invoke Andrew Jackson's name do not deserve the right to do so. Praises Jackson for standing up under the fire of his critics, and implies that Buchanan is doing the same.
Going to Baltimore
(Column 04)
Summary: Observes that a number of Chambersburg Democrats plan on attending the Democratic National Convention in Baltimore.
Judge Douglas
(Column 04)
Summary: Letter from supporter of Douglas read at meeting in New York, arguing that the Southern Rights supporters are misinterpreting the Dredd Scott decision on the ability of the territories to regulate slavery.
Trailer: Reverdy Johnson
Douglas in New York
(Column 06)
Summary: Argues that New York will be critical in the presidential election, and that Douglas seems to have a better chance at carrying the state than Lincoln does.
Origin of Article: Journal of Commerce
Editorial Comment: Approves of article, notes that Journal is not a Douglas supporter.

-Page 05-

(Column 01)
Summary: Argues that while Chambersburg is adequately connected by railroad to Philadelphia, its citizens have to take a circuitous route to Baltimore. Notes that the Pennsylvania Central Railroad owns the Cumberland Railroad and controls the routes to both destinations.
Full Text of Article:

--As a Railroad spirit has been awakened since the convention in Harrisburg on the 23rd ult., and a deep interest seems to pervade the public mind, would it not be advisable for the citizens of Chambersburg and county of Franklin to profit by the remarks made by Mr. Shriver, of New York, in the aforesaid Railroad Convention, viz: "convince the New Yorkers by subscribing liberally to the road and then proving that if made it would be a profitable investment and all the balance of the stock necessary to make the road can easily be raised in Wall street."

This we say is a common sense view of the matter--men of wealth are not likely to invest their money unless they have well grounded assurances of it yielding a profit. If we, as citizens of Franklin county, go on this principle, it will not be either a duty or a principle with us to try and convince either the capitalists of New York or Philadelphia that this road would be profitable to either of them, as the interests of New York are no benefit to us, but directly the reverse, by drawing the trade from the west and north-west of this county and the counties of Fulton, Bedford, Somerset and west of the last named entirely from us, reaching the Sasquehanna six or eight miles above Harrisburg, connecting with the New York Dauphin Railroad. As regards Philadelphia we are already connected with her, and if she chooses to let New York take the untold wealth of Pennsylvania's western counties with her, so be it, let her abide the consequences. But as regards Baltimore we stand in a very different position;

Accident on the Franklin Railroad
(Column 01)
Summary: Russell leaned off a moving train to grab cherries off a tree, and was knocked off and under the train, crushing his legs.
(Names in announcement: Daniel Russell)
Blind Horse in a Confectionery Store
(Column 01)
Summary: A horse bolted on Main Street, overturned its wagon and freed itself, and ran into Deckelmayer's Confectionery Store, doing over $200 in damage. Valley Spirit thinks town council should be liable for not enforcing ordinance of securely tying off horses.
(Names in announcement: Samuel Perry, Deckelmayer)
Mail to Waynesboro
(Column 01)
Summary: Rowe went to Washington and secured an order for daily mail service from Greencastle to Waynesboro. He was aided by Attorney General J.S. Black.
(Names in announcement: Hon. John Rowe)
Grand Opening
(Column 01)
Summary: Grand opening of Caledonia Spring, under management of Hutchinson. Mechanics' Brass Band will entertain visitors.
(Names in announcement: David Hutchinson)
Sabbath School Celebration
(Column 02)
Summary: Lutheran Sabbath School is making an excursion via the Franklin Railroad to Greencastle to celebrate the Fourth of July. Valley Spirit encourages the celebration of the nation's birthday.
First in the Field
(Column 02)
Summary: Trial of Manneys Reaper and Mower was made near Chambersburg, and it seems to have obtained the approval of area farmers.
Malicious Mischief
(Column 02)
Summary: Somebody broke a newly planted tree in Miss Heck's front yard; Valley Spirit urges severe punishment for the perpetrator.
(Names in announcement: Catharine Heck)
Hope Fire Company
(Column 02)
Summary: Elections for officers of the Hope Fire Company were held.
(Names in announcement: Capt. M. Gillan, William Eyster, A.C. McGrath, John King, W.B. Gilmore, Henry Smith, John Montgomery, Pearce Grove, George Cook, Edward Ferrey, Thomas Myers, S.M. Shallito, A. McDowell, Thomas Myers, H. Peltzer)
Sale of Personal Property
(Column 02)
Summary: Gillan will be selling farm stock and household items in Letterkenny, one of the largest sales in recent history.
(Names in announcement: John GillanJr.)
Firemen's Parade
(Column 02)
Summary: Hope Fire Company paraded with forty men and all their apparatus: Engine, Suction, and Hose-Carriage. They were accompanied by the Mechanics' Brass Band.
Mormon Life
(Column 03)
Summary: Miss Dresser delivered two lectures on "Mormon Life," one at the Baptist Church, which was filled to overflowing.
Street Preaching
(Column 03)
Summary: A large crowd attended a Street Preaching in front of the Courthouse; "It will no doubt result in accomplishing much among the class it was intended to reach."
Large Eel
(Column 03)
Summary: Martin Ludwig caught an eel measuring 8 feet, 10 inches long.
(Names in announcement: Martin Ludwig)
Letter from Utah
(Column 04)
Summary: Letter from son in Utah to mother in Chambersburg, describing conditions of life in the western mining towns; notes that a former Chambersburg man in building a quartz mill out in Utah.
Trailer: F.A.T.
(Column 05)
Summary: Married at the Lutheran Parsonage on June 7th.
(Names in announcement: Rev. J. Steck, S.G. Lightner, Nannie Wright)
(Column 05)
Summary: Florence, youngest daughter of Augustus Duncan, died on June 5 at the age of five months.
(Names in announcement: Florence Duncan, Augustus Duncan)
(Column 05)
Summary: Mrs. Gillan, consort of John Gillan Jr., died on June 6 at the age of 40.
(Names in announcement: Mrs. Elizabeth Gillan, John GillanJr.)
Clubs! Clubs! Clubs!: White Men Must Rule America
(Column 06)
Summary: Advertisement for New York Day Book, a weekly newspaper founded to combat abolitionism.

-Page 06-

Description of Page: Advertisements

-Page 07-

Description of Page: Advertisements, including agricultural machinery.

Summer Arrangement: Cumberland Valley Railroad
(Column 04)
Summary: Summer schedule of trains between Chambersburg and Harrisburg; leaves Chambersburg twice daily, at 8:30 am and 1 pm, goes via Shippensburg, Newville, Carlisle, and Mechanicsburg; return trains leave Harrisburg at 8:05 am and 2:12 pm. Can connect at Harrisburg with trains to Philadelphia, New York, and all points west.

-Page 08-

Description of Page: Market information from Chambersburg, Philadelphia, and Baltimore; advertisements; legal notices; foreign news.