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Valley of the Shadow

Valley Spirit: January 9, 1861

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-Page 01-

Description of Page: Bottom illegible

Lincoln on Negro Citizenship
(Column 1)
Summary: Using a quote from the Republican Times, The N.Y. Daybook criticizes Lincoln's opinion that Negroes could be citizens of the United States. The N.Y. Daybook maintains the absurdity of allowing blacks the rights of citizens.
Origin of Article: N.Y. Daybook
Address to the People of the United States
(Column 1)
Summary: An address from members of Congress appealing to the people to help ratify Amendments that can solve the secession crisis.
Some Things to be Remembered
(Column 2)
Summary: Item accuses the Black Republicans of hypocrisy in dealing harshly with secession in the South.
Later from the Pacific
(Column 2)
Summary: News from the Pacific brought by a ship that arrived in New York from California.
Gov. Houston's Proclamation
(Column 2)
Summary: Sam Houston calls the Texas Legislature into special session to deal with the Indian problem.
Governor's Message
(Column 3)
Summary: Speech on the financial health of the State Government and on the crisis of the Federal Government, particularly with regard to the Fugitive slave law and its enforcement. The Governor supports a compromise position. Article occupies the remainder of page 1 and the first five columns of page 2.

-Page 02-

Description of Page: Columns 1-5 contain the remainder of the Governor's speech.

-Page 03-

Description of Page: Advertisements

-Page 04-

News of the Week
(Column 1)
Summary: Reports that the committee of the fourteen border states adopted a plan of amending the Constitution called the Crittendon Compromise. Other news items from around the country are also reported.
The President's Action
(Column 2)
Summary: Item praises Buchanan's resolve in the Secession crisis, particularly with regard to Major Anderson and Fort Sumter.
The Present Congress
(Column 2)
Summary: Criticizes congressional intransigence in allowing the Union to disintegrate. It is up to Congress, the Spirit claims, to give Buchanan the power to coerce or recognize the seceded States.
A Ray of Hope
(Column 3)
Summary: An article in praise of the compromises proposed by Sen. Crittenden and the border state committee.
Republican Times
(Column 4)
Summary: Criticizes the election of Lincoln.
Letter from Harrisburg
(Column 5)
Summary: Letter ridicules politicians in the State Legislature.
Trailer: Republican

-Page 05-

What Franklin County Pays
(Column 1)
Summary: Enumerates the taxes paid by Franklin County to the State Treasury.
(Column 1)
Summary: Table provides the valuation of real estate in the county.
Full Text of Article:

--The following is the valuation of Real Estate in Franklin county, taxable for State purposes; the assessment of tax theron for the year 1860, as fixed by the Revenue Board at its last tri-ennial meeting; also the population of the County, according to the Census of 1860, and the number of taxable inhabitants therein for the same year:

Valuation, $11, 661, 656 00 Assessment of Tax, 30, 255 83 Population, 42, 243 00 Taxables, 9, 816 00

The valuation of 1859 was $13, 068, 184 and the Assessment of Tax $33, 835 41, being a reduction of the amount of taxation for Franklin county of $3, 579 58.

(Column 2)
Summary: Gives census data for Franklin county in 1860.
Full Text of Article:

--According to the Census of 1850, the population of Franklin County numbered 39, 904, by the Census of 1860, it is set down at 42, 243, and increase of 2, 389 in ten years. The previous ten years, from 1840 to 1850, the increase in population was, 2, 111, or 4, 450 in the last twenty years.

Important from Washington
(Column 3)
Summary: Correspondence between the President and his Cabinet regarding events in Charleston.
Infamous and Treasonable Work
(Column 4)
Summary: Alleges that the Governor of Maine contributed funds to the Underground Railroad. The article refers to the harboring of runaways as treason.
Origin of Article: Rockland Free Press and Democrat

-Page 06-

Description of Page: The page includes advertisements.

-Page 07-

Description of Page: The page includes advertisements.

-Page 08-

Description of Page: Two items of advice for farmers. Two quaint anecdotes. Reprint of Cases Pending in County Court (see 1-02-1861). Remainder of page 8 is ads.

Parisian Gossip
(Column 1)
Summary: Items of gossip from Europe.
Origin of Article: London Literary Gazette