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Valley of the Shadow

Valley Spirit: July 24, 1861

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-Page 01-

Description of Page: Page one is misdated--it says July 20 but it should be July 24.

Speech of the Honorable J.C. Breckenridge
(Column 1)
Summary: Transcript of Breckenridge's speech to the U.S. Senate critical of Republican policy, including the tightening of control on civil liberty. Transcript includes post-speech comments from Senators.
The War in Virginia
(Column 6)
Summary: Briefly reports that the first major engagement in eastern Virginia occurred at Bull Run on July 18th. The article gives few details and assures readers that the Confederate battery will "undoubtedly be taken tomorrow."

-Page 02-

The War News
(Column 1)
Summary: The Spirit sharply criticizes the federal government for releasing incorrect information about the battle at Manassas (Bull Run). The report, which is printed in column four, portrays the battle as a rout of the Confederates. However, the Spirit received a report on Monday night which stated that Gen. McDowell had "met with more resistance than anticipated . . . and had fallen back on Washington with the loss of his cannon and horrid slaughter of his troops."
Rally for the Union
(Column 1)
Summary: Vows that the defeat at Manassas has not conquered the North and promises that "the masses are ready by thousands and tens of thousands to rally and fill up the broken and diminished ranks of the army." Encourages Pennsylvania to rally to the Union cause.
General Tyler
(Column 1)
Summary: Reminds readers that General Tyler, who led the Division of the Union army in the battle at Bull Run, is the same man who managed the reconstruction of the Cumberland Valley Railroad a few years ago.
(Column 1)
Summary: Reports that the jewelry store of J. R. Hutton was robbed.
(Names in announcement: J. R. Hutton)
Let the Democracy Stand by the Flag of the Union and by their Own Flag
(Column 2)
Summary: Says that the Democrats with a clear conscience participate in the fight to save the Union, but it is only for the Union's sake that they should fight, having no interest in abolition and no other common interest with the Republicans.
A Falsehood Nailed
(Column 2)
Summary: The Spirit takes exception to a malicious article printed in the Chambersburg Dispatch regarding the loyalties of the Spirit and the Democratic party.
The American Eagle
(Column 3)
Summary: Responds to a Shippensburg report of an eagle sighting near McCray's Mill. The Spirit alleges that the eagles sighted were Mr. Christian Eagle and his son and that the person who reported the sighting was playing a pun on the editor.
(Names in announcement: Christian Eagle)
Origin of Article: Shippensburg News
Glorious Victory! The Backbone of Secession Broken! On to Richmond!
(Column 4)
Summary: Incorrectly reports that the Union army routed the Confederates at Bull Run (Manassas).
Terrible Defeat of the Federal Army
(Column 6)
Summary: A despatch from July 22 states that earlier reports of a Union victory at Bull Run were incorrect. In fact, the Union army suffered a crushing defeat and was forced to retreat to Washington.

-Page 03-

Description of Page: Advertisements

(Column 2)
Summary: Ellen Perry died on July 19 at age 4.
(Names in announcement: Ellen Lesley Perry, Richard H. Perry, Naomi Perry)
(Column 2)
Summary: Died near Waynesboro on July 13 at age 69.
(Names in announcement: Geo. Wiles)
(Column 2)
Summary: Died near Guilford township on July 20 at age 67.
(Names in announcement: Jacob McFerren)

-Page 04-

Description of Page: Advertisements