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Valley of the Shadow

Valley Spirit: August 3, 1861

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-Page 01-

Letter from Gen. Wool
(Column 1-6)
Summary: Military reports in the form of letters and dispatches between military commanders, mostly regarding the loss at Manassas.

-Page 02-

Gen. McClellan
(Column 1)
Summary: Praises the appointment of Gen. McClellan to be in charge of military affairs at Washington.
The True Union Party
(Column 1)
Summary: Defends the Democratic party as the true Union party in the North.
Full Text of Article:

The Democratic party has ever maintained the proud position of being the sincere friend of the Union. It has never expressed itself as being in favor of "letting the Union slide." It possesses the same ardent devotion to the Union to-day that it has ever exhibited, and is ready to pour out its best blood in upholding that glorious Union. It is not now, or never, has been, a Union party for the North, or a Union party for the South, but for the WHOLE UNION. For the sake of the Union it has joined hands with its political opponents, to enable the Government to put down rebellion, that the Union may be restored; but in doing this it has not agreed to adopt the principles of the Chicago platform by any means. The Democratic party draws a wide distinction between supporting the Government and sustaining the corruptions of the present Administration, and detests Republican principles now as cordially as it ever did. It holds that the Chicago platform has broken up the Union and that it cannot be restored or maintained by standing on that rickety concern. Let the Democratic party maintain its organization everywhere--stand by the Union--condemn the abominabe [sic] doctrine of Secession, and while upholding the Government in the War, fearlessly condemn the corruptions of the present Administration and its attempts to trample on the Constitution and the rights of the people.

The War Tax
(Column 2)
Summary: The Spirit takes the Chambersburg Times to task for its support of the War Tax.
(Column 2)
Summary: The Spirit thanks McPherson and Johnston for Congressional documents.
(Names in announcement: Hon. Edward McPherson, Hon. Philip Johnston)
The Assailants of the Democratic Party
(Column 2)
Summary: Criticizes Republicans and the papers that support them as corrupt.
Origin of Article: Harrisburg Patriot and Union
Jeff Davis's Threats
(Column 4)
Summary: Letter from Jeff Davis to Lincoln requesting an exchange of prisoners and complaining that Southern prisoners are being treated as criminals rather than POWs.
The Ultra Press
(Column 5)
Summary: Alleges that ultra-Republican papers of the North are fueling the flames of war as much as the secessionist papers of the South.
Origin of Article: Baltimore American
Editorial Comment: "The leading presses thus properly alluded to are the Tribune, the Times, and the Independent. Unable to rule, they are, as always, ready to ruin."
A Republican Member . . .
(Column 5)
Summary: Reports that some Republicans are advocating the abolition of slavery in areas of Virginia held by Federal troops. The Spirit disagrees with this course of action.
Full Text of Article:

"A Republican Member of Congress presented a bill before that body, a few days ago, asking to have slavery abolished in all territory in Virginia now taken in possession by the Federal troops. Of course, it is laid by for the present. Such acts as this in the halls of Congress will not help the cause of the Union, but do much to weaken it. This is not the time to talk about abolishing slavery, in or out of Congress. All abolitionists ought to have a halter slipped around their necks the moment they open their mouths on the subject of abolishing slavery anywhere at this critical moment. They have the Government to sustain and the Union to reconstruct which should be done at all hazards.

Peace Resolutions
(Column 6)
Summary: The Spirit reprints the text of the resolutions presented to the House of Representatives by Congressman Cox of Ohio. Mr. Cox proposed that Congress appoint a commission made up of seven Northerners who would meet with a similar commission appointed by the Confederate Congress. These men would confer and attempt to "bring about a reconstruction of the national unity." The resolution was not approved.

-Page 03-

Description of Page: Military reports, columns 1 & 2; markets and statement of the Bank of Chambersburg, column 2; advertisements, columns 3-6

How a Mason was Preserved from the Fury of a Rebel Mob
(Column 1)
Summary: Tells the story of a Petersburg, Virginia man who expressed some sympathy with the Federal forces in Baltimore and was almost killed by an angry mob until rescued by his Masonic brothers. They locked him in a tomb until the crowd could be eluded.
A List of Grand and Traverse Jurors
(Column 3)
Summary: List of jurors.
(Names in announcement: James Patton, John BellSr., Daniel Brinkley, Joseph Clark, John B. Cauffman, William Donald, Martin Detwiler, William Johnston, Jacob Kindig, John Keasey, Andrew Lesher, Curtis Lowrey, Wm. Mackey, John Mateer, Alex Martin, Christian Metcalf, George McCleary, Samuel Richards, Peter Shearer, Henry Stouffer, Israel Sollenberger, Jacob Witmore, John Zody, John Bitner, Robert Black, Matthias Barkdoll, David Barkdoll, Samuel Bitner, Solomon Cook, John Croft, James Crawford, George Davison, Samuel Bitner, Frederick Dosh, Frederick Dull, Jacob Flickinger, Frantz Abraham, David Grossman, Thomas Grove, John Grove, Allen Hastings, Michael Hoke, Joseph Hoss, John W. Hoover, Jacob Henninger, D.B. Haulman, Abraham Hurst, Matthew Irwin, William Johns, Jonathan Jacoby, Leonard Jordan, James Kirkpatrick, James Kennedy, John Keyser, Emanuel Kuhn, Patrick McGarvy, John G. Orr, Ephraim Plough, James C. Rankin, Ephraim Rosenberry, Jacob N. Snyder, Jno. Shade, Jeremiah Small, Melchi Snively, A.B. Wingert, John Wilhelm, Frederick Walk, A.B. Wingert)

-Page 04-

Description of Page: Advertisements