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Valley of the Shadow

Valley Spirit: August 20, 1862

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-Page 01-

Address of the Democratic State Central Committee
(Column 1)
Summary: This address sums up the position of the Pennsylvania Democratic party on the causes of the Civil War. They lay the blame for the onset of the war squarely on the abolitionists. Without them, claim the authors, the secessionists in the South would never have risen to power. Moreover, claim the Democrats, the abolitionists are intent on changing the focus of the war from restoring the Union to releasing the slaves, and they will not stop until the white race in the South is "exterminated or held in subjugation." The address also notes rumors that black regiments have been formed. The Democrats argue that this is not only a waste of uniforms, since blacks in their view will make worthless soldiers, but is also dangerous. Thus, argues the address, responsible citizens should vote for the Democratic party, particularly the Democratic candidates for state auditor general and state surveyor general, who will stand in the path of the abolitionists in Pennsylvania.

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Description of Page: Literature and classifieds

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Description of Page: Literature and classifieds

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The Constitution
(Column 1)
Summary: This editorial argues that the Constitution is to the citizen as the Bible is to a Christian, and that loyalty to the Constitution, rather than to a political party, is the only measure of loyalty. Abolitionists who argue that secession justifies the abolition of slavery are making an "absurd and fallacious" argument, and such a view proves that they are not loyal to the Constitution. Lincoln's inability to resist the abolitionists indicates his weakness. The editors lament the lack of a political leader like Andrew Jackson, who could resist radicals on both sides of the spectrum.
Even-Handed Justice
(Column 2)
Summary: The proprietors and editors of the Harrisburg Patriot and Union (a Democratic paper often excerpted by the Valley Spirit) were arrested recently on order of the provost marshal of Washington, and taken to Washington City under military guard and imprisoned. The cause of the arrest was the publication of a handbill announcing that Jim Lane was in town recruiting black troops--printed apparently in jest by two printer boys. The publication was deemed to have a harmful impact on recruiting white troops, and the two owners and two editors were arrested. The Valley Spirit and Times argues that this happened simply because they were Democrats. In contrast, Republican papers are free to publish the most incendiary material that they choose without any repercussions.
Full Text of Article:

Messrs. Barrett and M'Dowell, Proprietors, and Forster and Jones, Editors of the Harrisburg Patriot and Union, were arrested a short time since, by order of the Provost Marshall of Washington and taken to that city under charge of a military guard and imprisoned in the old capital prison. The cause of this arrest and imprisonment was the issuing of a hand-bill from the office of the Patriot and Union, by two printer boys, announcing that Jim Lane was in town, and would enlist colored recruits for the war.

The issuing of this hand-bill was held to be discouraging to the enlistment of white men. Now, if enlisting, or advocating the enlistment of negroes is calculated to discourage the enlistment of white men, why, we ask in all seriousness, has not Jim Lane himself been arrested under the late order of Secretary Standon [sic]? He, we are told, has gone to Kansas to enlist two full regiments of negroes. Or why have not the Editors of the NY Tribune, of the Harrisburg Telegragh [sic] and other kindred abolition sheets been arrested, who have been advocating the enlistment and arming of negroes for months past? It's a poor rule that wont [sic] work both ways. But it would seem that what is taken for the highest degree of loyalty and patriotism in Jim Lane and abolition Editors and orators, instantly becomes treason, when proposed by a couple of irresponsible printer boys belonging to a Democratic newspaper office. Is this impartial and even-handed justice? We think that every honest and fair minded man must say that it is not.

We could have no sympathy with any parties who would be guilty of discouraging enlistments, and if we felt convinced that the parties arrested had any such design we would say they deserved the severest punishment commensurate with the crime. But we must confess our inability to see anything of the kind in the transaction which caused the arrest of these men.

The following just and sensible remarks on this subject we find in the Northampton County Journal, the organ of the Republican party in that county, Would to God, there were more such honorable and fair-minded men editing Republican newspapers. In speaking of the late order of the Secretary of war and the arrest at Harrisburg, the Editor remarks:

But we hope that in the execution of this order, the govnment [sic] will pursue a course of even handed justice. There should and there must be no favor shown on account of political party affinities. The editors lately arrested at Harrisburg for publishing incendiary hand-bills, no doubt, deserved what they got, but in the judgment of many their offence was not half so grand as that of Wendell Philips and the whole radical faction of the North. The former lately delivered an address, in which, by heaping up abuse and ridicule upon the President and some of our Generals, he has done more to weaken confidence in the government and to discourage enlistments than any other one man in the North. The order should not only reach and punish known sympathizers with secession, but also that large class of radical abolitionists who are most fond and hearty in their denunciation of the government because it does not adopt and carry out their plans for suppressing the rebellion. Unless the order is thus impartially executed, sparing none however high, or whatever their political creed, it will do more harm than good. It is just the thing now needed to enable the government to prosecute the war, if it be executed without fear or favor.

Wendell Phillips
(Column 3)
Summary: Quotes from a speech recently given by Wendell Phillips in Abingdon, Massachusetts, in which Phillips argues that it would better to let the South go and to form a new republic based on the political equality of all men. Such sentiments, argue the editors, are far more treasonous than the incident for which the Patriot and Union editors were arrested.
Correspondence from 'the Army of Virginia'
(Column 4)
Summary: A report from the newly-formed 126th Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers, made up of eight Franklin County companies and two Juniata County companies, encamped at Arlington Heights, five miles from Washington City. The author describes the regiment's trip through Baltimore and arrival in Washington, and then the hot march out to Arlington. He also notes that James G. Elder of St. Thomas was elected Colonel of the regiment, D. W. Rowe of Greencastle as Lt. Colonel, and James C. Austin of Chambersburg as Major. The company commanders are: A, Capt. Doebler; B, Capt. Austin; C, Capt. Brownson; D, Capt. Reed; E, Capt. W. W. Walker (Waynesboro); F, Capt. Wharton; G, Capt. Miles; H, Capt. John H. Walker; I, Capt. Martin; J, Capt. Davison (Greencastle).
(Names in announcement: James G. Elder, D. W. Rowe, Capt. Doebler, Capt. Brownson, Capt. Reed, Capt. W. W. Walker, Capt. Wharton, Capt. Miles, Capt. John H. Walker, Capt. Martin, Capt. Davison, James C. Austin)
Full Text of Article:

Near Arlington Heights.

Saturday, August 16th, 1862

Correspondence of the Spirit and Times.

Messrs. Editors: Here we are, at last, encamped on the sacred soil, on one of the Arlington Heights, five miles from Washington City, two and a half miles from Alexandria, and some two miles from the mansion of the Rebel General Lee. Our regiment was formed on Wednesday last, consisting of eight companies from Franklin and two from Juniata county James G. Elder, of St. Thomas, was chosen Colonel; D. W. Rowe, of Greencastle, Lieut. Colonel, and James C. Austin, of Chambersburg, Major.

On Thursday evening we received orders to strike our tents at three o'clock the coming morning, and be ready to march, with two days cooked rations. The orders were promptly obeyed, but it was nine o'clock before we were marched to the railroad, where a long train of cars was in waiting for us; after remaining seated in the open cars for nearly three hours, we started for Baltimore on the Northern Central Railway, after innumerable unpleasant delays, we arrived at eight o'clock. We took supper at the "Union Relief Association," and immediately left for the Federal Capital, which we reached about three o'clock, this morning; here we were likewise indebted to the Washington "Ladies Retreat" for our breakfast. After breakfast, the boys were allowed an hour or so to see the sights of the town; and you may well imagine they made very good use of their time. Unlike some regiments and companies we have seen, they did not rush as soon as dismissed, to the hotels and grogeries, but wended their way to the Capitol, President's House, Public Departments, Smithsonian Institute, and other buildings and places of note and interest. At about twelve o'clock, the one hundred and twenty fourth regiment, Col. Bell, and the one hundred and twenty sixth, (our's) took up their line of march over the Long Bridge. The day was exceedingly warm, the road dusty, and the march about five miles long. You may know it was the most fatiguing half day's duty many of us had ever performed. There was but little shade along the road, and still less water; and with a heavy knapsack weighing forty or fifty pounds together with a musket and accoutrements, a haversack with rations and a canteen, many of the men were almost exhausted. If our march had been much longer some of us would most assuredly have been left behind. It was a very strong march for raw recruits, but although greatly fatigued, we all escaped without any serious consequences. The location of present camp is a pleasant one. It is situated on a hill overlooking the Potomac and the Valley stretching away to Alexandria, a small brook runs through it and several wells of good water are in the immediate vicinity.

The day before we left Camp Curtin, Major General Wool paid us a vit [sic]. He was greeted with the most enthusiastic cheers by the men; and intimated that the nine months volunteers would be ordered into active service as soon as possible.

It is rumored in camp that last night a party of ten guerillas [sic] were captured within two miles of our camp. Two of them were shot in the encounter and the remainder were taken prisoners. Scouting parties are out after them nightly; to-morrow we expect to go ourselves. They will receive but little quarter, if any of our parties succeed in entrapping them.

A portion of McClellan's army has already arrived below Alexandria, and everything seems to indicate that the second advance upon Richmond will be made from the direction of Fredericksburg and the Rappahannock. By extracts from Richmond papers received here, it would seem that the Rebels really begin to fear for the safety of their Capital. If such be the case they will, in all probability, make another demonstration, before many of the new recruits can get to this side of the river. We have no desire to participate in any serious engagement until we become tolerably well drilled, but after that we want to do our whole duty. Our present camp is surrounded with forts on all sides, at distances varying from one to three miles. Forts Runyan, Albany, Scott, North Blencker and Corcoran, all within the range of the naked eye, can be seen to turn their bristling parapets towards the foe, and are each within shelling distance of the others.

With the exception of some little sickness occasioned by change of water and climate, all still continue to enjoy excellent health, and are in the liveliest spirits.

We were the first Pennsylvania nine months regiment, which reached the Federal Capital; but now they come pouring in by thousands. Thus far we have all been thrown into one camp; but it is to be hoped that different camps will be established, as it becomes very uncomfortable when thirty thousand men are massed in a single camp.

Our reception in Baltimore was very cordial--flags and handkerchiefs were fluttering from hundreds of windows, while many followed us along our route, cheering and encouraging us. I saw regiments passing through the streets of Baltimore last winter, but their reception did not bespeak as healthy a union sentiment as our's did. At least, one thing is certain, the union men are now much bolder in the expression of their sentiments than they formerly were.

Henceforth, our movements are very uncertain. But I shall try to keep you advised as to our whereabouts. For the present letters for Capt. Doebler a company should be directed to Company A, 126th Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers, Washington City, D.C.

The companies of the Regiment run as follows:

A--Capt. Doebler.
B--Capt. Austin.
C--Capt. Brownson.
D--Capt. Reed.
E--Capt. W.W. Walker, (Waynesboro).
F--Capt. Wharton.
G--Capt. Miles.
H--Capt. John H. Walker.
I--Capt. Martin.
K--Capt. Davison, (Greencastle).

I hope this letter will reach you in time for next week's issue. I must now close as the mail will soon leave for town.


(Column 5)
Summary: Five or six prisoners under guard passed through town on Monday, on their way to Fort McHenry. They were apparently citizens of Hagerstown and Lellersburg "who had been too freely indulging their Secesh proclivities."
Small Change
(Column 5)
Summary: The editors note that the scarcity of small change is unprecedented. If the government does not hurry up its production of postage stamps to use as currency, business operations will be impaired.
Their First Charge
(Column 5)
Summary: A visitor to the 126th Penn. Volunteers reports that the regiment, on their march to Washington, spied in the field what was thought to be an enemy battery. They charged, only to find that it was a field of watermelon. The editors note that they regained their position without the loss of a man, and wish them the same luck in future encounters.
(Column 5)
Summary: Notes that "our friend" Spangler, the druggist, has rearranged the interior of his store, and repainted and repapered it.
(Names in announcement: Spangler)
A New Tobacco and Segar Store
(Column 5)
Summary: Mr. C. H. Bush, formerly of Winchester, Virginia, has opened a new tobacco and cigar store on the southeast corner of the Diamond, between the Mansion House and the Repository and Transcript Building. He was compelled to leave Virginia due to his Unionist sympathies, and he lost everything he owned.
(Names in announcement: C. H. Bush)
(Column 5)
Summary: Not as large a crowd attended the most recent court session. The only cases tried were on the criminal calendar, and most were of a "trifling" nature. The people engaged in "flooding our county with counterfeit money" received a light sentence, but severe enough, the editors hope, to deter others from doing the same. The editors urge the public to continue to examine all bills offered them, as there are still a number of counterfeit notes in circulation.
Franklin County Volunteers
(Column 5)
Summary: Notes the election of officers to the 126th Regiment (see letter above). Capt. John T. Dick of Mercersburg, now a captain in the 107th Regiment, had been elected Lt. Colonel, but the secretary of war prohibited officers currently serving from being elected to positions in new regiments.
(Names in announcement: Capt. John T. Dick)
Drafting--How it is Done
(Column 6)
Summary: Describes the procedure and exemptions for the upcoming draft.
Full Text of Article:

The Governors of the States are ordered forthwith, to proceed to furnish their respective quotas of the 300,000 militia called for by the President, and to appoint commandants and designate rendezvous. They are also ordered to cause an enrollment to be made forthwith, by the Assessors of the several counties.

When the enrollment is completed, it is to be filed in the offices of the Sheriffs of the several counties. The Governor is then to appoint a Commissioner for each county to superintend the draft and decide upon exemptions. These cases are specified. Exemptions for physical disability will not be allowed, unless it unfits the claimant for service for a period of more than thirty days, and it must be certified by a Surgeon to be appointed in each county for the purpose. Within ten days of the filing of the lists of enrollment the draft is to be made by the Sheriff of the county, who is to publicly place in a Jury wheel a separately folded ballot for each name on the list; and when they are all in, a person to be appointed by the Commissioners is to draw, blindfolded, a number of ballots, equal to the quota for the county.

Subsequent paragraphs of the regulation provide for the publication of the list, furnishing substitutes &c., and the assembling of drafted men within five days after they are drawn.

Messrs Editors
(Column 6)
Summary: The letter writer suggests Jonathan Jacoby of Antrim Township as a nominee for state representative, to be considered by the upcoming Democratic County Convention.
(Names in announcement: Jonathan Jacoby)
Trailer: Guilford
Messrs Editors
(Column 6)
Summary: This writer puts Col. James B. Orr of Orrstown in as a candidate for the state legislature.
(Names in announcement: Col. James B. Orr)
Trailer: Constitution

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Further of the Battle of Culpepper, Virginia
(Column 1)
Summary: Three and a half columns of information of the recent fighting near Culpepper between Generals Pope and Banks of the Union and Stonewall Jackson. The stories focus on Stonewall Jackson's retreat.
Court Proceedings
(Column 4)
Summary: A synopsis of the cases tried at the "several Courts for the County" on Monday August 11. President Nill and Judges Orr and Carson were on the bench. All civil cases were carried over until the next term, and the reporter notes that "the cases tried and disposed of were generally trifling and unimportant." Commonwealth vs. William H. Hines--Larceny; defendant plead guilty, sentenced to a fine of one cent plus costs of prosecution, and given six months in the County Jail. Commonwealth vs. Jacob Carper--Surety of the Peace on the oath of James Ray; case dismissed, Ray instructed to pay costs. Commonwealth vs. Henry Heineman--Assault and Battery; verdict guilty, sentenced to a fine of one cent plus costs, given two months in the County Jail; Commonwealth vs. Michael McLaughlin--Assault and Battery; verdict guilty, sentenced to a fine of one cent plus costs, given thirty days in the County Jail. Commonwealth vs. Henry Morgan--Assault and Battery; verdict guilty, sentenced to a fine of one cent plus costs, given two months in the County Jail. Commonwealth vs. James McDonough--Passing Counterfeit Bank Notes purporting to be issued by the Bank of Chambersburg; verdict guilty, sentenced to a fine of one dollar plus costs, given one year in the Eastern Penitentiary. Commonwealth vs. Ephraim Mehaffey--Indecent assault; verdict guilty, sentenced to a fine of five dollars plus costs, given seven months in the County Jail. Commonwealth vs. William H. Heist--Passing Counterfeit money; defendant pleads guilty, sentenced to fine of one dollar plus costs, given one year in Eastern Penitentiary. Commonwealth vs. Samuel M. Seylar--three indictments of passing Counterfeit Coin, having counterfeit Coin in his possession with intention to pass, and with issuing and selling counterfeit notes; defendant pleads guilty, sentenced to a fine of three dollars plus costs, given three years in the Eastern Penitentiary. Commonwealth vs. Rebecca Lightner--Larceny; verdict not guilty. Commonwealth vs. William Cunningham--Assault and Battery; verdict guilty, sentenced to fine of one cent plus costs, given one month in County Jail. Commonwealth vs. Elizabeth Cunningham--Adultery; not a true bill. Commonwealth vs. Lewis Gelwicks--Seduction, Fornication, and Bastardry; jury was unable to agree and was discharged. Commonwealth vs. Jesse McCumsey--False pretenses; verdict not guilty, but defendant ordered to pay two-thirds of costs, accuser Joseph Allen ordered to pay one third. A number of Surety of the Peace cases of no importance were also disposed of. Court adjourned until September 9.
(Names in announcement: President Nill, Judge Orr, Judge Carson, William H. Hines, Jacob Carper, James Ray, Henry Heineman, Michael McLaughlin, Henry Morgan, James McDonough, Ephraim Mehaffy, William H. Heist, Samuel M. Seylar, Rebecca Lightner, William Cunningham, Elizabeth Cunningham, Lewis Gelwicks, Jesse McCumsey, Joseph Allen)
(Column 5)
Summary: Christian Crider and Susan Parks, both of St. Thomas Township, were married on the "27 inst." [indicating August 27, but probably meaning July 27].
(Names in announcement: Rev. J. W. Burd, Christian Crider, Susan Parks)
(Column 5)
Summary: Arthur Franklin McKnight, only son of H. C. and A. E. McKnight, died in Marion on August 13 at the age of 2 years, 6 months and 12 days.
(Names in announcement: Arthur Franklin McKnight, H. C. McKnight, A. E. McKnight)
(Column 5)
Summary: James S. Ross, Esq., died in Chambersburg on August 11, aged about 50 years. He was a member of the Chambersburg Bar and was highly esteemed for his honesty and character.
(Names in announcement: James S. RossEsq.)
(Column 5)
Summary: Margaret Brindle, wife of Michael Brindle, of St. Thomas Township, died on August 6 at age 94.
(Names in announcement: Margaret M. Brindle, Michael Brindle)
(Column 5)
Summary: Gertrand Haas died on August 7 at the age of 1 year, 1 month and 22 days.
(Names in announcement: Gertrand Haas)
(Column 5)
Summary: Margaret Riddle, widow of William M. Riddle of Chambersburg, died at the home of her son-in-law, Benjamin Yoe, Esq., in Baltimore on August 12 at the age of 57 years. A lengthy obituary follows, which notes her unobtrusive manner and the strength with which she passed through the emotional trial of widowhood, and the physical trial of the sickness that finally killed her.
(Names in announcement: Benjamin R. YoeEsq., William M. Riddle, Margaret Riddle)
The Chambersburg Academy
(Column 5)
Summary: An advertisement announcing the improvements made at the Chambersburg academy, as well as the retention of J. K. Shryock as a teacher of classics and of J. R. Kinney as an instructor in higher mathematics and natural sciences. The Trustees, noted above, urge the community to support the institution.
(Names in announcement: Hon. George Chambers, D. K. Wunderlich, G. R. Messersmith, William HeyserSr., W. H. McDowell, T. B. KennedyEsq., Rev. Joseph Clark, Bernard Wolff, William McClellanEsq., William G. ReedEsq., S. D. CulbertsonDr., J. R. Kinney, George EysterEsq., J. K. Shryock)
Borough Ordinance
(Column 5)
Summary: The town council (Flack, Brown, Shafer, Myers, and Atherton) announce the appointment of Emanuel Kuhn as "Regulator" of Chambersburg, who will grade all pavements and number all buildings to be erected.
(Names in announcement: Emanuel Kuhn, George Flack, J. M. Brown, Jacob Shafer, Samuel Myers, Caleb Atherton)

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Description of Page: Miscellaneous war news, fiction, and five columns of classifieds

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Description of Page: Classified advertisements

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Description of Page: Classified advertisements