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Valley of the Shadow

Valley Spirit: October 15, 1862

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-Page 01-

The Emancipation Proclamation--General Order Issued by Gen. McClellan
(Column 1)
Summary: A reprint of Gen. McClellan's order to the army relating President Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation. McClellan emphasizes that it is not the army's place to criticize public policy, but notes that "The remedy for political errors, if any are committed, is to be found only in the action of the people at the polls." The editors applaud McClellan's gallantry and urge voters to go to the polls and correct the errors of abolitionism.
Origin of Article: Constitutional Union
Full Text of Article:

General Order Issued by Gen. McClellan.

General Order No. 163.

Head-Quarters Army of the Potomac, Camp near Sharpsburg, October 7.--The attention of the officers and soldiers of the Army of the Potomac is called to General Order No. 132, War Department, September 29th, 1862, publishing to the army the President's proclamation of September 22d.

A proclamation of such grave moment to the nation, officially communicated to the army, affords the General Commanding an opportunity of defining specifically to the officers and soldiers under his command, the relation borne by all persons in the military service of the United States towards the civil authorities of the Government.

The Constitution confides to the civil authorities legislative, judicial and executive powers, and the duty of asking, expounding and executing the Federal laws. Armed forces are raised and supported simply to sustain the civil authorities, and are to be held in strict subordination thereto in all respects. This fundamental rule of our political system is essential to the security of our Republican institutions, and should be thoroughly understood and observed by every soldier.

The principle upon which, and the objects for which armies shall be employed in suppressing Rebellion, must be determined and declared by the civil authorities, and the Chief Executive, who is charged with the administration of the national affairs, is the proper and only source through which the views and orders of the Government can be made known to the armies of the nation.

Discussions by officers and soldiers concerning public measures determined upon and declared by the Government, when carried out beyond the ordinary temperate and respectful expression of opinion, tend greatly to impair and destroy the discipline and efficiency of the troops by substituting the spirit of political faction for that firm, steady and earnest support of the authority of the Government which is the inherent duty of the American soldier.

The remedy for political errors, if any are committed, is to be found only in the action of the people at the polls. In thus calling the attention of this army to the true relation between the soldiers and the Government, the General Commanding merely adverts to an evil against which it has been thought advisable during our whole history to guard the armies of the Republic, and in so doing he will not be considered by any right minded person as casting any reflection upon that loyalty and good conduct which has been so fully illustrated upon so many battle-fields.

In carrying out all measures of public policy this army will, of course, be guided by the same rules of mercy and Christianity that have ever controlled its conduct towards the defenceless.

By command of Major General McClellan.
James A. Hardie.
Lieut. Col. A.D.C., A. Assist. Adj. Gen.

This general order, says the Constitutional Union, is characteristic of the gallant man who issued it. It assumes no dictatorial tone; but, in temperate, respectful and conciliatory language, counsels--not orders--submission; and deprecates discussions which might possibly impair and destroy the discipline and efficiency of the troops. It also points to the remedy!

"The remedy for political errors," (says the order) "if any are committed, is to be found only in the action of the people at the polls." Well said, noble "Little Mac!" That is the remedy, and the people are about to apply it to the wounds which have been inflicted upon our country, our Constitution and our laws. God be thanked, that while Abolition zealots would deny free speech--imprison without cause and without hearing--set truth and justice at defiance, that there is yet a remedy left us. The people yet remain. The glorious privilege of the right of suffrage is, for a while at least, guaranteed us, and that privilege will be exercised in its fullest, broadest and most significant sense on Tuesday next. Prudential reasons may properly draw forth General McClellan's order No. 163, and prudential reasons will draw forth thousands on Tuesday next to vindicate the laws and the Constitution of the Union.

Abolitionism Against Working White Men
(Column 2)
Summary: Reprints an authorization by Secretary of War Stanton for black people taking refuge in military bases to be sent on to Northern cities to be hired as servants. The editors take this as proof that abolitionists are actively working to favor black labor over white labor. The Fulton Democrat urges white workers to vote for the Democrats.
Origin of Article: Fulton Democrat
Full Text of Article:

We find the following correspondence between E.M. Stanton, Secretary of War, and Brigadier General Tuttle, commanding the Federal forces at Cairo, Ill., in the Western papers. It is highly important to white men:

Cairo, September 18, 1862.

To Hon. E.M. Stanton, Sec'y of War, Wash'ton:

General Grant is sending here a large lot of negro women and children, and directs me to ask you what to do with them. Parties in Chicago and other cities wish them for servants. Will I be allowed to turn them over to responsible committees to be so employed? If so can I transport them at Government expense?

J.M. Tuttle.
Brig. General, Commanding District of Cairo.
Washington, Sept 18, 1862.

To Brigadier General Tuttle, Commanding:

You are authorized to turn over to responsible committees negro women and children who shall take them in charge and provide them with employment and support in the Northern States, and you may furnish transportation at Government expense.

Edwin M. Stanton,
Secretary of War.

This black labor movement of the Abolition-Republican party should arrest the attention of white laborers in the North. That they are in earnest cannot be doubted. If not, why should Secretary Stanton send negroes to the North at the expense of the Government; or the Reverend Dr. Tyng and his Abolition associates propose to hold meetings in aid of the scheme? They mean to antagonize white labor with cheap negro labor from the South, and if white men are opposed to this movement they must act in concert at the polls. There only an they put a stop to this wicked plot against the laboring men of the Northern States. If the Abolition Republican party have control of the next Congress, they will bend all their legislation in favor of negro labor, and in opposition to the interests of white men. The question now is, 'black against white labor.' The Abolition Republican party has openly declared in favor of black labor, and white men must defeat them at the polls by voting for the Democratic party which is in favor of the Union, the Constitution, and the interested white men.--Fulton Democrat.

Official Report of the Losses in the Late Battles of Maryland
(Column 6)
Summary: The report of the military's accounting of losses at South Mountain and Antietam.

-Page 02-

Description of Page: Reprints of the election articles run on page 4 of the previous week's issue.

-Page 03-

Description of Page: Classified advertisements.

-Page 04-

Democrats, to the Polls!
(Column 1)
Summary: Urges Democrats to remember the Republicans who have castigated them as traitors, and to vote against the party who proclaimed patriotism but used their time in office to plunder the public coffers.
Vote the Whole Ticket
(Column 1)
Summary: The editors urge Democrats to vote for all the Democrats in the upcoming elections.
Conservatism vs. Abolitionism and Secessionism
(Column 2)
Summary: This editorial casts the choice at this election as one between the government of the founding fathers or a new, centralized state in which blacks will be given political equality.
No headline
(Column 3)
Summary: Accuses Hon. E. McPherson of desiring a centralized state in the tradition of the "worst kind of old Federalism," and urges voters to cast their ballot for Gen. A. H. Coffroth for Congress.
(Column 3)
Summary: The editors urge voters to cast their ballots for Jonathan Jacoby and William Horton, the Democratic candidates for the State Assembly.
(Names in announcement: Jonathan Jacoby, William Horton)
Wm. McSherry Esq.
(Column 3)
Summary: The editors urge support for the Senatorial Candidate, William McSherry, whom they have just recently met, as opposed to the Republican candidate S. E. Duffield.
Josiah Fickes
(Column 3)
Summary: The editors urge special attention to the election for office of Commissioner, as in many ways, they note, everybody's property is subject to his mercy. They urge support for the Democratic candidate and believe he will be able to explain why so few Democrats are chosen for jury duty.
(Names in announcement: Josiah Fickes)
Samuel Brandt
(Column 4)
Summary: While the Republican candidate for Sheriff, Mr. Gordon, is a good man, the editors say, he is much less qualified than the Democratic candidate, Samuel Brandt.
(Names in announcement: Gordon, Samuel Brandt)
Voters Remember
(Column 4)
Summary: The editors urge voters to remember that Hon. Edward McPherson supported a number of abolitionist positions in Congress, and they urge voters to see how he has misrepresented them.
(Column 4)
Summary: The editors argue that the Transcript has run out of arguments, and in desperation has substituted slander. The people will not be fooled, the editors conclude, and the Republicans see that their fate is sealed.
What They Want
(Column 5)
Summary: The editors claim that traitorous abolitionists are willing to let the South secede in order to gain political control in the North.
Wm. D. McKinstry, Esq.
(Column 6)
Summary: The editors believe that William McKinstry, Esq., is well-qualified for the position of Associate Judge, and people would do well to support him.
(Names in announcement: William D. McKinstryEsq., Hon. James Nill)
Another Falsehood
(Column 6)
Summary: The editors refute claims in the Transcript that a Democratic meeting in McConnellsburg cheered for Jefferson Davis and Stonewall Jackson. The editors go on to argue that this is a tactic by supporters of Duffield to discredit his opponents, and that the voters should reject this effort at misrepresentation.

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Description of Page: The name of one of wounded at Sharpsburg is illegible. Page also includes miscellaneous war news and three columns of classifieds.

The Rebel Raid
(Column 1)
Summary: A short article reporting the Confederate raid into Mercersburg last Friday, the surrender of the town, and the burning of several buildings by the Confederates. The editors claim to be to busy getting the paper out to give an extended account of the raid.
(Names in announcement: Wunderlich, Nead)
Full Text of Article:

On Friday evening last, our citizens were much surprised and considerably excited by reports of the advance of a large force of Rebel Cavalry by way of Mercersburg. Men arrived on horseback who had been hotly pursued by them to within three or four miles of Town.

About 7 o'clock a company of them appeared in the Public Square carrying a flag of truce and demanding a surrender of the place. No military force being here, able to resist, the town was surrendered on the terms that private property would be respected and citizens be unmolested. They then took full possession of the place, and on the next morning took their departure to the direction of Gettysburg leaving a guard to fire the Depot buildings. The Depot House, the Machine Shops and the Warehouses of the Messrs Wunderlich and Nead were entirely consumed with a considerable amount of Government stores and other property. The Rebel force numbered about 1500 Cavalry and Artillery under Generals Stuart and Hampton. They have stolen about 1000 Horses in this County, but from last reports and the preparations made for their capture, we feel confident that the whole force will be captured and the stolen property recovered.

We are hurried in getting to Press and can give no extended notice of this humiliating Rebel invasion of Pennsylvania soil.

Our Dead and Wounded
(Column 1)
Summary: Corporals George Besser and J. H. McLaughlin, both of Loudon, belonging to Capt. Dixon's company, were wounded at the battle of South Mountain. John Cell and Charles Fesler (?) of Chambersburg, and William Ridenour of Bridgeport, of the same company, were wounded on September 17 at Sharpsburg. Thomas Dunkinson, from Willow Grove Mills, of Captain Brand's company was killed at South Mountain. Sergeant Harrison Hutton and Corporal Franklin Gordon, of the same company, were wounded at Sharpsburg, Hutton in the spine and Gordon in the breast. Both have arrived home to Chambersburg and are doing well. Jacob Bricker, of Mercersburg, of Easton's Battery was wounded at Sharpsburg, and Alexander Smith of Orrstown, belonging to the 128th Regiment, was killed.
(Names in announcement: Corporal George Besser, Corporal J. H. McLaughlin, Capt. Dixon, John Cell, Charles Fesler?, William Ridenour, Capt. Brand, Thomas Dunkinson, Sgt. Harrison Hutton, Jacob Bricker, Alexander Smith, Corporal Franklin Gordon)
Origin of Article: Repository
Assistant Assessors
(Column 1)
Summary: The Assistant Assessors of the 16th Collection District (Adams, Franklin, Fulton, Bedford and Somerset Counties) have been appointed. The following are the Franklin County appointees: Antrim -- Alex D. Gordon of Greencastle; Chambersburg and Guilford -- Nathaniel P. Pearse of Chambersburg; Washington and Quincy -- S. Bonebrake, Waynesboro; Montgomery and Warren -- J. A. Hyssong, Mercersburg; Hamilton and Letterkenny -- I. Miller, Chambersburg P.O.; Metal and Fannett -- James Ferguson, Dry Run P.O.; St. Thomas and Peters -- Joseph Strock, St. Thomas; Lurgan, Southampton and Green -- Jacob Kauffman, Fayetteville.
(Names in announcement: Alex D. Gordon, Nathaniel P. Pearse, S. Bonebrake, J. A. Hyssong, I. Miller, James Ferguson, Joseph Strock, Jacob Kauffman)
Death of Jacob Keggereis Esq.
(Column 1)
Summary: Jacob Keggereis Esq. died on "15th ultimo," near Fannettsburg, at the age of 63. He lived in Path Valley his whole life and was well-respected and thought of as a good neighbor. He leaves a widow and a large family.
(Names in announcement: Jacob KeggereisEsq.)
Rev. Dr. Harbaugh
(Column 1)
Summary: Rev. Dr. Harbaugh of Lebanon will preach the opening sermon at the German Reformed Synod on Wednesday evening.
(Names in announcement: Rev. Dr. Harbaugh)

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Description of Page: Classified advertising.

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Description of Page: Classified advertising.

-Page 08-

Description of Page: Classified advertising, including reprints of judicial notices.